COLUMNISTS

Decrease in hog supply expected to linger

Jeff Swenson

Prepared and written by Jeff Swenson, DATCP Livestock and Meat Specialist. The Market Update draws information from several sources, including trade publications, radio broadcasts, agricultural news services, individuals involved in the industry as well as USDA NASS and AMS reports.

Jeff Swenson

Cattle trade slow

Country cattle trade was slow to develop this week. Sellers made it clear last week they were going to hold out for higher bids. This is usually the first ingredient in brewing a stand-off. It didn’t stop higher trade at the sales barns and stock yards, however.

Futures markets were mixed this week and closed lower across the board on Thursday. Thursdays Cutout Value was $276.62 Thursday afternoon, gaining just over $4.00 this week. Weekly export sales totaled 15,900 metric tons – not a very impressive number.

Many of us pointed to a 10-day period of no rain in many parts of the country to spur planting progress. Traders are now concerned the extended stretch of cooler weather in many corn growing areas will leave equipment in the shed. This is causing higher Corn Future contracts. Cooler weather also limits grilling and an early grilling season would bring additional demand. Estimated harvest for last week came in at 641,000 cattle.  Carcass weights last week for beef breed steers averaged 866.4 pounds last week, almost nine pounds heavier than the previous week. The Sterling Profit Tracker reports feedlot operators in the black by as much as $225.00 per head.

Pork exports disappointing

Jim Long, President and CEO of Genesus Inc. reminded us in his weekly comments that lean hog prices were $39.00/cwt a year ago compared to $101.00/cwt currently.  That would be an increase $133/head based on a 215 pound carcass. Year to date harvest is 4.1 percent lower than last year. Last week’s harvest was estimated to be 2.487 million hogs.

Overall hogs remain more bullish than cattle, but Lean Hog futures found resistance this week. Pork cutouts were lower on Wednesday at $110.09 compared to $113.17 the end of last week. Cash hog prices Thursday were $77.97 live basis and $113.37 on a carcass basis. Export sales were disappointing according to the last report with 17,200 metric tons of US raised pork ordered. That’s a marketing year low. 

Farrow to finish hog producers saw the 10th straight week of profit on hogs marketed last week. The Sterling Profit Tracker reported the margin as $80.00/head. The April 9 World Supply and Demand Estimate (WASDE) report adjusted pork production expectations downward. It appears the decrease in hog supply will be with us for a while.

Meat demand holds up

The March Consumer Index was 84.9, 10.5 percent higher than February and 4.7 percent below last year. Meat demand held up better than most expected during the past 12 months. The higher retail prices may cause some consumers to shop for the most economical protein. Of course these continue to be unprecedented and have rendered crystal balls useless.

Higher prices heading into the best part of the year for meat demand is promising for famers who have weathered a difficult year. Some retailers and sausage makers I’ve spoken with are concerned about higher costs discouraging consumers. Whether this will result in price shopping or a decrease in purchases altogether remains to be seen.  

Cattle prices around the state

Choice beef breed steers and heifers at Wisconsin and surrounding state auction markets were higher this week.  High-yielding, high-grading cattle brought 100.00 to 119.00/cwt. with some groups $120.00/cwt to $125.00/cwt. Choice and Prime Holstein steers were higher again this week bringing $90.00 to $104.00/cwt.

There were some packages of Holstein steers selling from $104.00 to $107.00/cwt.  Silage fed, under finished or heavy dairy breed steers brought $70.00 to $92.00/cwt. Dairy x Beef steers were mostly $95.00 to $115.00/cwt.

Cows were steady at $50.00 to $65.00/cwt. Blemish free cows in fleshier condition were selling to $72.00/cwt with a small sampling selling higher. Doubtful health and thin cows were bringing $45.00/cwt and down.

Dairy breed bull calves were mostly steady at $50.00 to $150.00/cwt with heavier, well cared for calves up to $185.00/cwt. Beef and Beef Cross calves brought up to $320.00/cwt. Market lambs remain lightly tested, 110 to 140 pound lambs sold in a wide range, topping at $260.00/cwt for new crop lambs.