Grains in storage increase in state

Ray Mueller
Now Media Group


According to data current as of December 1, 2015, as reported by the Wisconsin field office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, the state's stocks of oats, soybeans, and corn were higher than those of a year earlier while dry hay was lower.

The 61 percent increase in Wisconsin's oats production in 2015 to 14.04 million bushels is reflected in the 45-percent jump in oats stocks on December 1. That total was 13.587 million bushels compared to 9.372 million bushels a year earlier.

Of the oats in storage, 39 percent or 4.7 million bushels were on farms with the remainder in commercial facilities. The report noted that the disappearance of oats into the commercial market for the September to November 2015 quarter was 465,000 bushels.

Soybean stocks

As with oats, the increase of 18 percent in Wisconsin soybean production in 2015 has carried over to having 21 percent more soybeans in storage on December compared to a year earlier. The latest totals were 22.5 million bushels in on-farm stocks and 41.468 million bushels in off-farm stocks (mills, elevators, warehouses, terminals, and processors).

For the September to November marketing quarter in 2015, the reported disappearance of soybeans was 36 million bushels. This was up from the 28.5 million bushels during that period in 2014.

Corn storage

The 409.857 million bushels of corn in storage in Wisconsin on December 1 was an increase of only 1 percent from a year earlier. There was only a slight increase in the United States total of nearly 11.212 billion bushels of corn in storage on that date.

Within Wisconsin, the report indicated that 235 million bushels of corn were in storage on farms compared to 280 million bushels a year earlier. Correspondingly, the number of bushels in off-farm storage was up to 174.857 million bushels compared to 125.323 million bushels a year earlier.

Those differences in the percentage breakout of the storage sites could be attributed mainly to the amount of relatively high moisture corn, which was kept on farms for drying after the harvest in 2014 compared to the much lower moisture content in the grain corn harvested in 2015.

For the September to November 2015 quarter, the disappearance of corn in the state totaled 149 million bushels. This was an increase of nearly 10 percent from the 136 million bushels a year earlier.

Grain stocks storage capacity

An accompanying report detailed the storage capacity for grains in Upper Midwest and Great Plains states. Wisconsin's total of 730 million bushels, which was an increase of 15 million bushels from a year earlier for the on and off-farm capacity, is the lowest among those nine states.

Totals in other states for grain storage capacity include 3.5 billion bushels in Iowa, 2.94 billion in Illinois, 2.25 billion in Minnesota, 2.109 billion in Nebraska, 1.43 billion in Kansas, 1.304 billion in North Dakota, 1.104 billion in South Dakota, and 780 million bushels in Missouri.

Dry hay storage

The December 1 estimate for dry hay stored on Wisconsin farms was 2.9 million tons or a decrease of 2 percent from a year earlier. Disappearance of those stocks from May 1 to December 1 of 2015 was put at 1.9 million tons — down from the 2.34 million tons for the same period in 2014.

For the United States, the volume of stored hay on December 1 was estimated at 94.993 million tons compared to 92.052 million tons a year earlier. The disappearance for the prior six months was 63.9 million tons compared to 67 million tons during that period in 2014.