Ag groups ask for cash relief for state's farmers

Carol Spaeth-Bauer
Wisconsin State Farmer
Grain farmers can't ignore getting seed in the field as April draws to a close and COVID-19 wreaks havoc among farmers.

Eight Wisconsin agricultural groups are asking for $50 million in direct cash relief for the state's farmers. On April 21, the organization representing many aspects of the state's agriculture sent a letter to Gov. Tony Evers to draw attention to the immediate needs of the state's farm community, according to a press release. 

The Wisconsin Farm Bureau Federation, Wisconsin Corn Growers Association, Dairy Business Association, Wisconsin Soybean Association, Wisconsin Pork Association, Wisconsin Cattlemen’s Association, Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association and Wisconsin Potato & Vegetable Growers Association sent the letter to appeal to Evers for his assistance and recognition of the "unprecedented devastation that Wisconsin farmers are experiencing as a result of the COVID-19 public health crisis." 

"Never before have we ever experienced the type of crushing economic destruction that this pandemic has brought across our commodity markets," the letter said. "It has devastated our labor force, threatened our supply chains, created panic buying from retailers and consumers and will likely bankrupt many multi-generation farms in Wisconsin.”

With restaurants closed across the state, dairy farmers have lost a significant chunk of their market with no where to go with their milk.

The groups acknowledged the support from the federal government through the CARES Act, which commits $1.9 billion to help shore up Wisconsin’s economy and asked that $50 million be provided to Wisconsin farmers from the state's CARES Act aid. 

"We understand that there may be limits on how the CARES Act funding can be used but we ask that you strive to use a portion of that federal money for our farmers in crisis," the letter said. "We know that this amount will not cover the total loss to the food producers of this state, but it may sustain many farmers through the next few weeks as they regroup and reorganize their businesses and strive to keep the food supply chain intact in Wisconsin.”

Producers in the state cannot stop feeding yard fulls of animals, dairy farmers can't stop milking cows mid lactation and grain farmers can't ignore getting seed into the field, the letter continued. Additionally, "potato, vegetable and specialty crop producers face the costs of storing warehouses full of commodities that were destined for a now decimated food service market, while planting 2020 crops," the letter stated.

The beef industry faces extreme losses.

Estimated losses

In the letter the groups included estimates on the calculated impact COVID-19 will have on agricultural sectors. Current estimated losses were listed as follows:

Dairy: This sector has experienced an 87¢/cwt decline in February 2020 and a $1.74/cwt decline in March 2020. This equates to a $66 million loss in Wisconsin milk revenue for those two months. Going forward, the projected decline estimates approximate losses $6/cwt, which will result in hundreds of millions of dollars in losses. In addition to losses from plummeting prices, many dairy farmers in Wisconsin have been asked to dispose of milk or cut production, which causes even greater difficulties for those farms as they try to stay in business.

Pork: Currently, 10 percent of the U.S. pork processing capacity is closed. Twenty-five percent of the Wisconsin hog market has been lost due to the shuttering of the food service industry. At this time, projected Wisconsin hog production losses (not including processing losses) is $44.4 million.

Twenty-five percent of the Wisconsin hog market has been lost due to the shuttering of the food service industry.

Beef: The beef industry has been faced with losing 25% of its packing capacity in addition to a $25/cwt pullback in cash prices since Feb. 1. In Wisconsin, each segment of the industry faces extreme losses: 310,000 cow-calf operations with a loss of $247.15/head, 250,000 cattle of feed with a loss of $205.96/head, and 340,000 stocker calves with a loss of $159.98/head. This equates to approximately $180-$200 million loss to Wisconsin’s beef industry in 2020. 

Potatoes: Approximately, 500,000 cwt of potatoes have been displaced and there has been a 1,119,895 cwt contract reduction for 2020, which equals current immediate estimated losses of $17 million. In addition, the massive reduction in foodservice sales due to coronavirus has resulted in an oversupply situation for the U.S. potato industry that will result in a predicted loss of $100 million for Wisconsin potato growers on their 2020 crop.

Cranberries: Out-of-home consumption of cranberries has declined by more than 60% and convenience store sales have declined by 20%. Grower prices had just started to rebound from $10-$15 per cwt to ranges in the mid-$20 range. The groups expect declines in the future due to lost sales and export markets. Exports to China, EU and UK have declined by more than $31 million due to retaliatory tariffs. Considering the pandemic, rebuilding these markets will be challenging.

Soybeans: Prices have declined $0.65-$0.75/bushel and costs have increased $0.25-$0.35/bushel equating to projected losses of $1.00/bushel. Wisconsin produces between 80 million and 100 million bushels of soybeans annually. Current projected losses are $80-$100 million.

Corn: As of Mid-April, cash corn prices have declined by 16 percent on average, with several regions experiencing declines of more than 20%. Forecasting prices through the rest of the 2019 crop marketing year shows a $50/acre revenue decline for corn compared to a $10/acre drop for soybeans. (Actual revenue losses will depend on how much corn a producer currently has to market.) Wisconsin corn acres in the last 2019 were 2.68 million acres and in 2020 there will be an estimated 8% increase. Corn will be one of the most impacted crops as its two largest uses — livestock feed and ethanol — are under pressure. Impacts of reduced livestock demand are just beginning to come to bear in the market, as livestock processing plants are beginning to be disrupted.

The letter concluded, “In closing, we plead for you to consider the plight that has come upon Wisconsin’s premier industry through no fault of its own. Please help us sustain Wisconsin agriculture, the economic engine that drives Wisconsin’s employment. Food production cannot start and stop on a dime. The investment is too great. We fear that some of these losses will be permanent.”

Carol Spaeth-Bauer at 262-875-9490 or Follow her on Twitter at cspaethbauer or Facebook at