A time of invention

Wisconsin State Farmer

The 19th century in the U.S. was a time of invention. The patent office at first required a working model of an invention, but later, just accurate drawings and details were enough. Victorians loved gadgets and specialty tools. There were hundreds of patents granted for apple peelers, lighting devices, corkscrews, fruit jars, washing machines, washboards, toasters, napkin rings and cooking pots, and today there are collector clubs for almost every one of these specialties. An unusual all-wooden washboard was sold in 2016 by Hess Auction Group. It has threaded wooden rollers instead of a corrugated metal or glass rubbing surface. The maple rollers rolled in opposite directions and, according to the ads, the "screw threads do all the work." The first wooden rollers were made by the Hubbard Brothers, and the Mother Hubbard Roller Washboard was a popular item sold door-to-door in the early 1900s. The washboards were no longer made after 1935, because they were not needed if you had an electric washing machine. At the 2016 auction, a Mother Hubbard Patent Roller Washboard sold for $195.
Q: I'd like to know the value of a crocheted bedspread my great-grandmother made about 1910. It is made of squares with a rose in the center of each square. I realize that everyone has handmade items that are only worth sentimental value, but this spread is in perfect condition and is exceptionally beautiful. What do you think it's worth?
A: You can sell the bedspread to a dealer or online. Size, condition and design will affect price. An old double-bed size spread, with old thread and old design, might sell for less than $100. 
Q: What can you tell me about a Garland Jr. toy stove? Is it a salesman's sample?
A: Most little stoves, even exact replicas of full-size stoves, probably were made as toys. Some may have been salesmen's samples or as items for display. Some were offered free or for sale to customers who bought a full-size stove. Garland Stove was founded by brothers Jeremiah and James Dwyer in Detroit in 1853. The company made cast iron parlor and kitchen stoves heated by wood or coal. Later, Garland stoves were made by the Detroit-Michigan Stove Co., which was founded by Jeremiah Dwyer and other investors in 1872. The Garland brand name is now owned by Manitowoc Foodservice, which makes Garland ranges, broilers and griddles. 
Q: How much are the 1996 edition of Pokemon cards worth? The cards are American and Japanese and are in albums, but a few are missing. We think some might be worth something. How can we find out?
A: Pokemon started out as a video game for Game Boy in February 1996. The name Pokemon is a contraction of the words "Pocket Monster." The first Pokemon cards were Pocket Monster cards issued in Japan in October 1996. There were 102 cards in the set. The first Pokemon cards in English were in the Demo Game pack, issued in limited quantity in December 1998. The first set of 102 cards in English was issued in the U.S. in January 1999. There are over 700 different Pokemon characters today. Incomplete sets of cards sell online for a few dollars. Value is determined by rarity and condition. The best place to find current values is to go to a card show or to a store that sells cards. 
Q: I won a Shelley cup, saucer, and plate two years ago. The pattern is called "Crochet." I thought I'd check it out. I didn't realize Shelley stuff was so big. I just thought it was a bone china cup - not a big deal. Now I wonder if you can give me a rough value and age? 
A: Joseph B. Shelley started out as a salesman for Foley China Works in Longton, Staffordshire, England, in 1862 and became a partner in 1872. His son, Percy Shelley, joined the firm in 1881. By 1884, father and son were running the business. The company became Shelley China in 1910, and in 1929, it became Shelley Potteries. In 1966, it was bought by Allied English Potteries. A set that includes a cup, saucer and cake plate is called a "trio." Your Crocket trio is listed online for $79 to $102.
  Q: I came across an old R.C. Allen 10 Key Calculator Model 35 that my dad used for his business. On the front, it says "World Famous 10 Key Calculator, American and Swedish Patents." 
A: Ralph C. Allen founded his company in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1932. The company made and distributed calculating machines, cash registers and typewriters. This calculator was made in 1948. It originally sold for $397. Old calculators are not very useful and not popular collectibles, so they are very hard, if not impossible, to sell.
Tip: Ordinary beer is great for cleaning a gilded mirror frame. Just pour it on a soft rag, rub gently and dry.
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Current prices

         Current prices are recorded from antiques shows, flea markets, sales and auctions throughout the United States.        Prices vary in different locations because of local economic conditions.
         Kazoo musical toy, Popeye, multicolored cartoon scenes, pipe-shaped, tin lithograph, 1930s, 4 inches, $20.
         Enamelware, oats cooker, squat pot with handle, interior container and lid, gray speckled, top handle, three parts, 1930s, 23 inches, $75.
         Flagpole topper, zinc, anchor shaped, pointed spear tip, molded panels, round base, France, c. 1910, 17 x 6 inches, $100.
         Snuff box, metal, gold plate, engraved flowers, tiger's eye and carnelian cabochons, shaped soapstone center, 1930s, 1 x 2 inches, $110.
         Winnie-the-Pooh doorstop, resin, red and yellow paint, seated, arms above head, c. 1975, 21 x 12 inches, $145.
         Pottery, bean pot, brown Albany clay slip, bulbous, scroll spout & rolled rim, braided rope handle, c. 1900, 6 1/2 x 7 1/2 inches, $370.
         Pearlware cake stand, cream, apple green and gilt, leaf and shell design, oval plate, shaped rim, pedestal spread foot, c. 1780, 13 x 12 inches, $480.
         Hobby horse, rocker, wood and paint, shaped base, saddle and stirrups, cast-iron wheels, 1960s, 22 x 31 inches, $635.
         Bedspread, silk fleece, Tuscany design, ivory, red and green, flowering vines, leaves, fits queen or king, Italy, c. 1960, 98 x 82 inches, $1,085.
         Dining table, Victorian, round top, carved edge and apron, cylindrical post, winged dragon outcurved legs, 1800s, 30 x 63 inches, $3,450.
         "Kovels' Antiques & Collectibles Price Guide, 2017," 49th edition, is your most accurate source for current prices. It's available now and includes a special bonus section that tells you how to declutter the Collector's way and make money! If you order directly from the Kovels, you'll receive our FREE Companion eBook with ALL of the book's 25,000 prices - ready for downloading to your eReader. "Kovels" is the best book to own if you buy, sell or collect. The paperback has more than 2,500 color photographs and over 700 categories of antiques and collectibles. You'll also find hundreds of factory histories. Available for $29.99 plus $4.95 postage. Purchase directly from the Kovels if you want the free eBook Companion and be sure to include your email address. Visit, call 800-303-1996, or write to Price Book, P.O. Box 22900, Beachwood, OH 44122.

This all-wooden washboard sold at auction for $195. It is 22 inches high and still in working condition, although it is at least 80 years old.