Hog and pig inventories post small annual gains
Madison – The annual inventory of hogs and pigs, which is taken on December 1, shows small percentage increases from a year earlier in Wisconsin and the top production states.
For Wisconsin, the December 1 total was 325,000 head, consisting of 280,000 market hogs and 45,000 breeding animals. On December 1 of 2015, the respective numbers were 320,000, 277,000, and 43,000.
As of December 1 of this year, the breakouts by weight for Wisconsin's market pigs and hogs were 95,000 at under 50 pounds, 62,000 each for both the 50 to 119 and 120 to 179 pound groups, and 60,000 at more than 180 pounds.
Wisconsin's annual pig crop for December 2015 through November 2016 was 661,000 head from 69,000 sows. The average of 9.58 pigs saved per litter was up by two percent from the 9.37 in the previous year.
Data for top states
As the top production state, Iowa also posted the highest percentage increase of seven from the numbers a year ago. Its total of 22.4 million head included 21.37 million market animals and the same number of breeding animals as a year ago – 1.03 million.
With its total of 9.3 million head, North Carolina posted an increase of four percent while Minnesota was up by two percent to 8.3 million hogs and pigs. The Illinois total remained stable at 5.1 million head. In other top states, Nebraska up by three percent to 3.4 million head and Missouri was up by two percent to 3.1 million pigs and hogs on December 1.
For the United States, the December 1 inventory of 71.5 million pigs and hogs was up by four percent from the total of 68.919 million a year ago. Hog producer intentions for the quarter through February of 2017 were to increase farrowings by one percent from that quarter a year earlier.
The report also indicated 48 percent of the nation's hogs are being raised under contract agreements involving more than 5,000 head. That is up from the 46 percent a year earlier.