A cookout of Americans' favorite foods for the Fourth of July, including hot dogs, cheeseburgers, pork spare ribs, potato salad, baked beans, lemonade and chocolate milk, will cost slightly more this year but still comes in at less than $6 per person, says the American Farm Bureau Federation.
The national farm organization's informal survey reveals the average cost of a summer cookout for 10 people is $56.06, or $5.61 per person.
Although the cost for the cookout is up slightly (less than 1 percent), 'Prices in the meat case are starting to look better from the consumers' perspective,' said Veronica Nigh, an AFBF economist. 'Retail ground round prices are trending lower,' she noted, pointing to the nation's cattle inventory and commercial beef production, which continue to rebound from dramatically low levels in 2014 and 2015.
In addition, 'On the pork side, commercial production also continues to grow and is at the highest level in 25 years,' Nigh said. Spare rib prices are about the same as a year ago, while the amount of product in cold storage is up 121 percent, Nigh pointed out. 'This is helping mediate the normal seasonal upswing in spare rib prices we typically see around the July 4th festivities,' she said.
In Wisconsin, the price of a summertime spread will be less than last year, according to the latest Wisconsin Farm Bureau Marketbasket survey. The informal survey shows the total cost of 14 food items that can be used to prepare a typical picnic was $54.30 It marked a decrease of $4.56 or 7.7 percent from the $58.86 Marketbasket price in June 2015.
Wisconsin's $54.30 survey price is $1.76 less than the American Farm Bureau Federation's national survey of the same 14 food items.
'Wisconsin shoppers preparing for Fourth of July picnics will find a bargain this year,' Wisconsin Farm Bureau's spokesman Casey Langan said.
The survey's summer picnic menu for 10 people consists of hot dogs and buns, cheeseburgers and buns, ketchup and mustard, pork spare ribs, deli potato salad, baked beans, corn chips, lemonade, chocolate milk and watermelon for dessert. Of the 14 food items surveyed by Farm Bureau members, nine items decreased in price compared with last summer.
'Our survey shows that you can do this for $5.43 per person, which is cheaper than a trip to the drive-thru,' Langan said.
Items that saw the largest price percentage decrease during the last year were watermelon, American cheese, mustard, hot dog and hamburger buns.
The items that increased in price were pork spare ribs, lemonade, corn chips, ketchup and baked beans.
'The lower food prices found in this survey did not come as a surprise,' Langan said. 'Wisconsin dairy farmers are receiving prices for their milk well below their costs of production. The survey reflected this with lower prices for chocolate milk and American cheese compared to one year ago.'
Despite the lower overall price, five of the 14 items surveyed in Wisconsin were higher than the national average: ground round, hot dogs, corn chips, ketchup and lemonade.
AFBF's summer cookout menu for 10 people consists of hot dogs and buns, cheeseburgers and buns, pork spare ribs, deli potato salad, baked beans, corn chips, lemonade, chocolate milk, ketchup, mustard and watermelon for dessert.
Commenting on factors driving the slight increase in retail watermelon prices, Nigh said, 'While watermelons are grown across the U.S., most come from four states – Texas, Florida, Georgia and California – which together produce approximately 44 percent of the U.S. crop.
Shipments of watermelons are down nearly 8 percent compared to the same time period last year,' she said.
U.S. milk production is up 1 percent compared to the same period last year. During the first quarter of 2016 (January-March), U.S. milk production reached historic levels, putting significant downward pressure on the price farmers receive for their milk.
Nigh said the increase in the price of cheese slices highlights the spread in prices that often occurs between values at the farm, wholesale, and retail stages of the production and marketing chain.
A total of 79 Farm Bureau members (volunteer shoppers) in 26 states checked retail prices for summer cookout foods in mid-June at their local grocery stores for this informal survey.
The summer cookout survey is part of the Farm Bureau marketbasket series, which also includes the popular annual Thanksgiving Dinner Cost Survey and two additional surveys of common food staples Americans use to prepare meals at home.
The year-to-year direction of the marketbasket survey tracks closely with the federal government's Consumer Price Index report for food at home. As retail grocery prices have increased gradually over time, the share of the average food dollar that America's farm and ranch families receive has dropped.
'Through the mid-1970s, farmers received about one-third of consumer retail food expenditures for food eaten at home and away from home, on average. Since then, that figure has decreased steadily and is now about 17 percent, according to the Agriculture Department's revised Food Dollar Series,' Nigh said.
Using the 'food at home and away from home' percentage across-the-board, the farmer's share of this $56.06 marketbasket would be $9.53.