Wisconsin corn growers harvested an average of 145 bushels of grain per acre while soybean growers had an average yield of 40 bushels per acre on their 2013 crop.
That's according to a recent report by the Wisconsin field office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service that was based on Nov. 1 actual yields and estimates on yet standing crops. The state's average corn yield is up by 24 bushels from the drought-plagued 2012 crop but the average soybean yield is down by 1.5 bushels from a year ago.
Wisconsin corn growers planted 4.1 million acres and harvested 3.2 million of them for grain. Although the number of acres harvested for grain was down by 100,000 from a year ago, this year's projected corn grain crop of 464 million bushels is a 16-percent increase compared to 2012.
The recent report noted that 53.1 percent of Wisconsin's corn intended for harvest as grain was planted at populations of more than 30,000 per acre. The previous high for that planting rate was 47.6 percent in 2011. Another 32 percent of the state's corn had planting populations of 25,000 to 30,000 per acre.
Illinois enjoyed a 64-percent increase in its 2013 corn crop with its average yield of 180 bushels per acre while the yield jumped by 69 percent in Indiana on a per acre average yield of 174 bushels. Iowa posted an 18-percent increase with its average yield of 169 bushels per acre. The United States average yield of 160.4 bushels per acre put the year's crop at nearly 14 billion bushels — an increase of 30 percent from 2012.
Most other Upper Midwest states improved their per acre average yields for soybeans while Wisconsin did not. Indiana posted an average yield of 50 bushels per acre while Illinois came in at 49 bushels and Iowa at 45 bushels as the national yield increased by seven percent compared to 2012 for a total of nearly 3.258 billion bushels.
Wisconsin's soybean growers planned to harvest 1.57 million of the 1.58 million acres of the crop they planted. At the average of 40 bushels per acre, this would give the state a crop of 62.8 million bushels — down by 11 percent from 2012. Part of that percentage drop is due to the cutback of 130,000 on the number of harvested acres compared to 2012.
This marked a third consecutive year of both a per acre and total production decline for soybeans in Wisconsin. The state's production high point was in 2010, when the average yield was 50.5 bushels per acre and the total crop was more than 82.3 million bushels.