According to the latest report by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Wisconsin's farmers have planted more corn than they had indicated during the March crop intentions survey and have planted a record high number of soybean acres.
The report that was issued on June 30 indicated that 4.2 million acres of corn were planted in the state this year — up by both 2 percent from the intentions in March and from the 4.1 million acres planted in 2013. Farmers expect to harvest 3.15 million of those acres for grain with the remainder being grown for silage or for producing seed corn.
Genetically-modified organism (GMO) corn hybrids were planted on 92 percent of those acres, the report noted. Stacked gene varieties are being grown on 72 percent of the acres with herbicide resistant only accounting for 17 percent of the acres and insect resistant only varieties accounting for the remaining 3 percent of the GMOs.
The estimate of 1.8 million acres of soybeans planted in the state is a 14-percent jump from the 1.58 million acres in 2013. GMO seed varieties with herbicide resistance were planted on 95 percent of the 1.8 million acres. If growers harvest an intended 1.78 million acres for grain, this would top the previous high by 80,000 acres, the report pointed out.
Of the 290,000 acres planted to winter wheat, growers expect to harvest 260,000 for grain, the report stated. Those numbers would be down from 315,000 and 265,000 respectively from a year ago.
Although the planted acres of oats are down by 5,000 to 250,000, farmers were planning to harvest 140,000 of them for grain this year compared to only 105,000 in 2013.
The number of acres planted to barley in the state dropped by 3,000 from 2013 to 30,000 this year but growers expect to harvest 17,000 of them for grain compared to 16,000 last year.
Acres harvested for hay are holding steady at 1.6 million. The only changes from 2013 are that alfalfa acres are up by about 50,000 to an estimated 1.15 million while other species of hay crops are down by 50,000 acres to 450,000 for this year.
Potato growers increased their acreage this year. The report indicated that 67,000 acres were planted this year compared to 62,500 in 2013. The growers expect to harvest 66,000 acres — up by 4,000 from 2013.
Growers of edible beans planted 1,000 more acres for a total of 6,400 this year. For all of Wisconsin's principal crops planted for this intended harvest this year, the report credited the state with a total of 8.243 million acres compared to 7.951 million in 2013.
Across the United States, the estimate of 91.641 million acres of corn is down by 4 percent from 2013. The report indicated that growers expect to harvest 83.389 million acres for grain — down from 87.668 million acres in 2013.
The report noted that the 2014 planted acres of corn are the lowest total since 2010. But it added that the year's total is the fifth highest corn acreage since 1944.
Soybean acres increased by more than the downturn in acres for corn. They are up by 11 percent to 84.839 million acres compared to 76.533 million in 2013. Accordingly, growers hope to harvest 84.058 million acres for grain – up from the 75.869 million in 2013.
In addition to Wisconsin, the report pointed out that record high acreages of soybeans were planted this year in Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.
For all types of hay, the report indicates a total of 57.626 million acres this year compared to 58.257 million in 2013.
For all varieties of wheat, the national estimate of 56.5 million acres is up by less than 1 percent from 2013. Winter wheat, which accounts for 42.296 million of those acres, is down by 2 percent from 2013 but up by nearly 1 percent from the previous crop estimate for this year.
Planted acres of oats are up slightly to 3.027 million across the United States. Growers plan to harvest 1.153 million of them for grain this year compared to 1.03 million acres in 2013.
Barley acres, however, are down by 11 percent to 3.091 million. Growers expect to harvest 2.633 million acres for grain compared to 3 million in 2013.
Dry bean crops have posted a 34-percent jump in acres to a national total of 1.748 million acres this year. Planted acres of potatoes are up by 13,500 to 995,400.
As in Wisconsin, acres are up in the United States for this year on the total for the principal crops that farmers hope to harvest. The total of 330.508 million acres, compared to 324.8 million in 2013, also includes sorghum, cotton, tobacco, canola, sugar beets, sunflowers, peanuts, rice, and rye.