During May of 2014, the farmer share of the retail food dollar stood at 15.8 cents, according to the monthly update distributed by the Wisconsin Farmers Union. The data is obtained from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Safeway supermarket chain, which is located mainly in the South.
In the fresh produce category, the farmer shares were 64 cents for 2 pounds of lettuce at a retail price of $2.19, 55 cents of the $4.69 for 5 pounds of russet potatoes, $1.31 of the $4.39 for 5 pounds of fresh carrots and 62 cents of the $4.39 retail price of 1 pound of tomatoes.
Among the meats, the farmer share and retail prices respectively were $1.11 and $6.06 for 1 pound of bacon; $2.33 and $7.99 for 1 pound of top grade sirloin steak; and $1.11 and $4.09 for 1 pound of boneless ham. Farmers received $1.24 of the $2.49 for the retail price of one dozen eggs.
For the processed foods, farmer shares were 16 cents of the $2.19 for a 2-pound loaf of bread, 79 cents of the $2.39 for 5 pounds of flour, 23 cents of the $4.79 for 10.5 ounces of potato chips and 6 cents of the $4.69 for an 18-ounce box of cereal.
Among liquid items, farmer shares in May were $2 of the $4.09 for a gallon of fat-free milk, 5 cents of the $6.49 for a six-pack of beer and 7 cents of the $1.19 for a 2-liter bottle of soda.
As indicated by those numbers, the Wisconsin Farmers Union pointed out that the majority of the retail food price is created by processing, wholesaling, distribution, marketing and retailing costs.