Grain crop yield outlooks based on July 1 forecast
With most of the year's winter wheat crop already at the elevator or in the bin and with a hefty yield of clean straw already off most fields, the estimate as of July 1 for the crop's yield was issued in mid-July by the Wisconsin field office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service.
That estimate put the Wisconsin's average yield at 69 bushels per acre - down by one bushel from the June 1 forecast but four bushels more than in 2011.
The prediction for the national average yield was 47.7 bushels per acre - a number pulled down by yield projections for major production states such as 44 bushels per acre in Kansas, 43 in South Dakota, 42 in Nebraska, 38 in Montana, 37 in Oklahoma, and 31 in Texas.
Washington, which was likely to place third among the states for its total winter wheat production this year, expected to match Wisconsin's average yield of 69 bushels, which would tie the two for the nation's highest per acre average yields.
Washington was counting on a total yield of 115.23 million bushels, trailing the 396 million bushels harvested in Kansas and the 155.4 million in Oklahoma, which stepped up from a fifth place among the states for its total crop in 2011.
Despite the higher yield in Wisconsin, the state's total crop was forecast to be 17.25 million bushels, down by 4.525 million bushels or 21 percent from 2011. That's because the number of harvested acres dropped to 250,000 compared to 335,000 in 2011.
For the United States, the 35.023 million harvested acres of winter wheat represent an eight percent increase from 2011.
With a 1.5-bushel increase in average yield per acre, the nation's crop is expected to increase by 12 percent to more than 1.67 billion bushels.
The national oats crop of 65.276 million bushels for this year is an increase of 22 percent from 2011 but is still the second lowest since statistics were first compiled in the late 1800s.
A portion of the increase is due to the projected average yield of 59.8 bushels per acre, which would be 2.7 bushels more than a year ago. Harvested acres are up by 152,000 to 1.091 million.
Wisconsin's portion of the 2012 oats crop is 7.08 million bushels, which is second among the states to Minnesota's 8.32 million bushels.
The average yield in Wisconsin was projected to 59 bushels per acre (down by three from 2011) while the harvested acres were set to be up by 5,000 to 120,000.
Minnesota was forecasting an average yield of 64 bushels, up by 10 bushels from 2011, on 130,000 harvested acres.
South Dakota was expecting an average yield of 65 bushels on 70,000 acres while Michigan was counting on 64 bushels from 35,000 harvested acres.
North Dakota was projected to place third among the states with an oats crop of 6.38 million bushels from an average yield of 58 bushels on 110,000 acres.
Illinois was expecting an average yield of 63 bushels on 20,000 acres and Iowa was looking for an average yield of 58 bushels on 60,000 harvested acres.