Wautoma, WI
Current Conditions
0:56 AM CDT
Partly Cloudy
Temperature
76°F
Dew Point
65°F
Humidity
69%
Wind
WSW at 10 mph
Barometer
29.67 in. F
Visibility
10.00 mi.
Sunrise
06:20 a.m.
Sunset
07:33 p.m.
Afternoon Forecast (12:00pm-7:00pm)
Temperatures will range from 69 to 74 degrees with mostly cloudy skies. Winds will range between 11 and 15 miles per hour from the southwest. Rain amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch are predicted.
7-Day Forecast
Monday
74°F / 56°F
Partly Cloudy
Tuesday
76°F / 56°F
Sunny
Wednesday
80°F / 56°F
Scattered Showers
Thursday
80°F / 54°F
Light Rain
Friday
66°F / 44°F
Sunny
Saturday
65°F / 44°F
Partly Cloudy
Sunday
68°F / 47°F
Partly Cloudy
Detailed Short Term Forecast
Issued at 0:56 AM CDT
Monday...Temperatures will range from a high of 74 to a low of 56 degrees with partly cloudy skies. Winds will range between 6 and 15 miles per hour from the west. 0.14 inches of rain are expected.
This Evening ...Temperatures will range from 68 to 58 degrees with mostly clear skies. Winds will range between 6 and 10 miles per hour from the west. No precipitation is expected.
Overnight ...Temperatures will remain steady at 57 degrees with partly cloudy skies. Winds will remain steady around 7 miles per hour from the west. No precipitation is expected.
Tuesday...Temperatures will range from a high of 76 to a low of 56 degrees with mostly clear skies. Winds will range between 5 and 13 miles per hour from the westsouthwest. Less than 1 tenth inch of rain is possible.

Delivering vaccines chicks can gobble up

Jan. 28, 2014 | 0 comments

BELTSVILLE, MD

An alternate vaccine delivery system for newborn chicks has been developed by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists to improve vaccination against intestinal diseases like coccidiosis.

A common and costly poultry disease, coccidiosis is caused by tiny, single-celled parasites that belong to the genus Eimeria. Infected birds spread disease by shedding oocysts, the egglike stage of the parasite. The infected birds are slower to gain weight and grow, and sometimes die.

Traditional poultry vaccine methods involve vaccinating chicks in trays on a conveyor with an electronic sprayer. However, some chicks may be missed by these methods and consequently have little defense against diseases.

The alternate system, developed by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) in Beltsville, MD, and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) in San Antonio, TX, involves putting low doses of live Eimeria oocysts inside gelatin beads, which are fed to birds.

Microbiologist Mark Jenkins and zoologist Ray Fetterer, in BARC's Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, examined the gelatin bead vaccine effectiveness in chicks of layer hens and broilers. One-day-old chicks were immunized by ingesting gelatin beads or with a hand-held sprayer. The group that swallowed the gelatin beads had a greater vaccine uptake than the group that received the vaccine in spray form, and was better protected against coccidiosis.

In another experiment, chicks were reared similarly to birds in a poultry house, vaccinated with the gelatin beads and later given a dose of Eimeria oocysts. The vaccine-bead-fed chicks had greater weight gains than an unvaccinated group and were more capable of converting feed into body mass.

ARS and SwRI scientists have filed a patent application for this research and are working on a gelatin bead vaccine delivery device for commercial poultry houses.

ARS is USDA's principal intramural scientific research agency.

Read more about this research in the January 2014 issue of Agricultural Research magazine.

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