Wautoma, WI
Current Conditions
0:32 AM CST
Rain
Temperature
48°F
Dew Point
48°F
Humidity
100%
Wind
SE at 8 mph
Barometer
29.47 in. F
Visibility
1.50 mi.
Sunrise
07:02 a.m.
Sunset
04:24 p.m.
Afternoon Forecast (12:00pm-7:00pm)
Temperatures will range from 47 to 40 degrees with cloudy skies. Winds will range between 6 and 11 miles per hour from the south. Rain amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch are predicted.
7-Day Forecast
Sunday
47°F / 35°F
Light Rain
Monday
35°F / 22°F
Light Rain/Snow
Tuesday
29°F / 17°F
Partly Cloudy
Wednesday
29°F / 11°F
Light Snow
Thursday
17°F / 7°F
Partly Cloudy
Friday
32°F / 14°F
Snow
Saturday
17°F / 8°F
Partly Cloudy
Detailed Short Term Forecast
Issued at 0:32 AM CST
Sunday...Temperatures will range from a high of 47 to a low of 35 degrees with cloudy skies. Winds will range between 1 and 18 miles per hour from the northwest. 0.72 inches of rain are expected.
This Evening ...Temperatures will range from 39 to 41 degrees with cloudy skies. Winds will range between 1 and 6 miles per hour from the east. Expect rain amounts between a quarter and half of an inch.
Overnight ...Temperatures will range from 40 to 36 degrees with cloudy skies. Winds will range between 10 and 18 miles per hour from the northwest. Rain amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch are predicted.
Monday...Temperatures will range from a high of 35 to a low of 22 degrees with mostly cloudy skies. Winds will range between 14 and 19 miles per hour from the westnorthwest. Less than 1 tenth inch of rain is possible. Less than 1 inch of snow is possible.

Delivering vaccines chicks can gobble up

Jan. 28, 2014 | 0 comments

BELTSVILLE, MD

An alternate vaccine delivery system for newborn chicks has been developed by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists to improve vaccination against intestinal diseases like coccidiosis.

A common and costly poultry disease, coccidiosis is caused by tiny, single-celled parasites that belong to the genus Eimeria. Infected birds spread disease by shedding oocysts, the egglike stage of the parasite. The infected birds are slower to gain weight and grow, and sometimes die.

Traditional poultry vaccine methods involve vaccinating chicks in trays on a conveyor with an electronic sprayer. However, some chicks may be missed by these methods and consequently have little defense against diseases.

The alternate system, developed by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) in Beltsville, MD, and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) in San Antonio, TX, involves putting low doses of live Eimeria oocysts inside gelatin beads, which are fed to birds.

Microbiologist Mark Jenkins and zoologist Ray Fetterer, in BARC's Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, examined the gelatin bead vaccine effectiveness in chicks of layer hens and broilers. One-day-old chicks were immunized by ingesting gelatin beads or with a hand-held sprayer. The group that swallowed the gelatin beads had a greater vaccine uptake than the group that received the vaccine in spray form, and was better protected against coccidiosis.

In another experiment, chicks were reared similarly to birds in a poultry house, vaccinated with the gelatin beads and later given a dose of Eimeria oocysts. The vaccine-bead-fed chicks had greater weight gains than an unvaccinated group and were more capable of converting feed into body mass.

ARS and SwRI scientists have filed a patent application for this research and are working on a gelatin bead vaccine delivery device for commercial poultry houses.

ARS is USDA's principal intramural scientific research agency.

Read more about this research in the January 2014 issue of Agricultural Research magazine.

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